Giancarlo Lucchetti, Harold G. Koenig, Ilana Pinsky, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Homero Vallada
The connection between alcohol use and religiousness has been extensively studied during the past three decades. Religious attendance, religious affiliation, and intrinsic religiousness have been associated with lower rates of alcohol use/abuse, binge drinking, and lifetime use of alcohol. Mullen et al. found that Catholics are more permissive in their attitudes, while Protestants are more likely to endorse abstinence from alcohol.Religious affiliation could also serve as a reference group that influences behavior, and conservative religious groups have higher negative expectations (expected negative consequences of alcohol consumption) and lower drinking motives. Social modeling, negative beliefs about alcohol, personal attitudes, approval/disapproval of significant others/relatives/friends, and alcohol use attitudes are some proposed pathways for these associations.