The Influence of Culture on the Relationship Between Psychoactive Substance Use and Likelihood of Engaging in Risk Behaviour.
„Risk‟, this little four-letter word that can have different meanings and various consequences. Whatever the way of looking at or perceiving „risk‟ to be, it contains a degree of „uncertainty‟. In this study, the concept of „risk‟ used was the “existence of threats” to life or health (Fischhooff et al.,1981, cited in Yates & Stone, 1992). Considering this definition, various types of behaviour are „risky‟, “threatening” life or health.
„Speed racing‟, „drunk driving‟, „an individual eating something he knows he is seriously allergic to‟, „taking drugs‟ are different examples of „risk‟ behaviour and in all of them the “existence of threat” to life or health is present.
The target „risk‟ behaviour in this study is sexual risk behaviour, where individuals have sexual intercourse without using condoms, where the individual puts themselves at risk of being infected by a sexual transmitted disease. Condom use in sexual intercourse is perceived as „safer sexual practice‟. All the relevant definitions of sexual risk behaviour for the present study will be listed shortly.
Psychoactive substance use, especially stimulants (e.g. cocaine hydrochloride, amphetamines and methylene dioxymethamphetamine MDMA -Ecstasy) have been associated to „risk behaviours‟. Several studies have been carried out to investigate the relationship between sexual risk behaviour and substance use (Cooper, 1992; Rhodes & Stimson, 1994; Strunin & Hingson, 1993; Halpern-Felsher et al, 1996; McEwan et al, 1992; Plant, 1990; Senf & Price, 1994;