23 de outubro de 2020

Organised crime: the missing link in drug policies

10 de julho de 20203min

Illegal drugs and their effect on public health were discussed in a 2019 Lancet Series.1 However, the Series authors did not report how a global criminal enterprise, the drug–abuse industrial complex, 2 is the origin of the problem. This global network of organised crime, corrupt politicians, money laundering, and distribution systems perpetuates this public health crisis. We have reason to believe the drug trade is now expanding under the guise of legal cannabis and cannabidiol, especially in North America, with outreach to other markets in South America, Europe, and Asia.

The Dutch police released a report stating that the growth of organised crime is creating a narco-state. 3,4 Drug policies should consider organised crime or they will be unable to address the prevention and reduction of both drug use and crimes related to drug use from the perspectives of both public health and law enforcement.

The Netherlands has, in a sense, created the perfect environment for the drug trade to flourish. The country has an extensive transport network, lenient drug laws, and proximity to a number of lucrative markets.3 Thus, the Netherlands is an obvious hub for the flow of global narcotics.

If health professionals, researchers, and policy makers choose to leave organised crime aside in the discussion, we will pay a heavy price. Organised crime is the cause of the drug-abuse
crisis in society. Decades of drug policy have been limited by ignoring organised crime, and it should be included in future discussions on drug policy.

We declare no competing interests.
*Marco Antonio Bessa, Ronaldo Laranjeira, David Martin
marco.bessa@uol.com.br

School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 80060-240, Brazil (MAB); School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (RL); and JMJ Technologies, Harleysville, PA, USA (DM)

1  – Das P, Horton R. The global drug problem: change but not progression. Lancet 2019;  394: 1488–90.

2 – Laranjeira R, Martin D. Traps in cannabis policies in Brazil. Braz J Psychiatry 2019; 41: 475–76.

3 – Holligan A. Is the Netherlands becoming a narco-state? Dec 19, 2019. https://www.bbc. co.uk/news/world-europe-50821542 (accessed Dec 19, 2019).

4 – Reuter P. Drug market and organized crime. The Oxford handbook of organised crime. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

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Sobre a UNIAD

A Unidade de Pesquisa em álcool e Drogas (UNIAD) foi fundada em 1994 pelo Prof. Dr. Ronaldo Laranjeira e John Dunn, recém-chegados da Inglaterra. A criação contou, na época, com o apoio do Departamento de Psiquiatria da UNIFESP. Inicialmente (1994-1996) funcionou dentro do Complexo Hospital São Paulo, com o objetivo de atender funcionários dependentes.



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