Dano Cerebral e Recaída
Effect of Brain Structure, Brain Function, and Brain Connectivity on Relapse in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Anne Beck, PhD; Torsten Wusstenberg, PhD; Alexander Genauck; Jana Wrase, PhD; Florian Schlagenhauf, MD; Michael N. Smolka, MD; Karl Mann, MD; Andreas Heinz, MD
To date, only a few neuroimaging studies assessed factors that predict relapse in alcohol dependence. One major situation often provoking relapse is the confrontation with stimuli that have been regularly associated with alcohol consumption; owing to addiction-related learning processes, these formerly neutral stimuli can become conditioned cues and evoke alcohol craving or relapse even without the presence of alcohol itself.