The Effect of Restricting Opening Hours on Alcohol-Related Violence

31 de dezembro de 20092min16

Duailibi et al. 97 (12): 2276 — American Journal of Public Health
The Effect of Restricting Opening Hours on Alcohol-Related Violence
Sergio Duailibi, MD, PhD, William Ponicki, MA, Joel Grube, PhD, Ilana Pinsky, PhD, Ronaldo Laranjeira, MD, PhD and Martin Raw, PhD
Sergio Duailibi, Ilana Pinsky, and Ronaldo Laranjeira are with Unidade de Pesquisa em Álcool e outras Drogas (UNIAD), Departamento de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
William Ponicki and Joel Grube are with the Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, Calif. Martin Raw is with the Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
Correspondence: Requests for reprints should be sent to Sergio Duailibi
Objective. We investigated whether limiting the hours of alcoholic beverage sales in bars had an effect on homicides and violence against women in the Brazilian city of Diadema. The policy to restrict alcohol sales was introduced in July 2002 and prohibited on-premises alcohol
sales after 11 PM.
Methods. We analyzed data on homicides (1995 to 2005) and violence against women (2000 to 2005) from the Diadema (population 360 000) police archives using log-linear regression analyses.
Results. The new restriction on drinking hours led to a decrease of almost 9 murders a month. Assaults against women also decreased, but this effect was not significant in models in which we controlled for underlying trends.
Conclusions. Introducing restrictions on opening hours resulted in a significant decrease in murders, which confirmed what we know from the literature: restricting access to alcohol can reduce alcohol-related problems. Our results give no support to the converse view, that increasing availability will somehow reduce problems. [12/2/2009 10:34:07 AM]

Sobre a UNIAD

A Unidade de Pesquisa em álcool e Drogas (UNIAD) foi fundada em 1994 pelo Prof. Dr. Ronaldo Laranjeira e John Dunn, recém-chegados da Inglaterra. A criação contou, na época, com o apoio do Departamento de Psiquiatria da UNIFESP. Inicialmente (1994-1996) funcionou dentro do Complexo Hospital São Paulo, com o objetivo de atender funcionários dependentes.


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