Mikaela Lindeman, Thomas Karlsson, Esa Österberg
It is a well-established and well documented fact that restricting the physical and economic availability of alcohol is one of the strongest measures in the alcohol policy toolbox. Apart from being effective, these measures are at the same time cost- effective, when trying to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms (Anderson 2009; Babor et al. 2010; Anderson, Møller & Galea (eds.) 2012).
The fifth work package of EU project Amphora (www.amphoraproject.net) titled Economic and physical availability of alcohol, was dedicated to study the changes and effects of alcohol availability in Europe. The work package was split into two separate parts. In the first stage of the project previously studied policy changes regarding the economic and physical availability of alcohol in Europe were surveyed. Data for the first stage was identified through an extensive literature search including databases, meta analyzes, summary reports and national experts (Karlsson, Lindeman & Österberg 2012a).