D-cycloserine facilitates extinction of cocaine self administration in rats.

10 de março de 20113min

D-cycloserine facilitates extinction of cocaine self administration in rats.

Thanos PKBermeo CWang GJVolkow ND.

Neuroimaging Lab, NIAAA Intramural Program, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA; Behavioral Pharmacology & Neuroimaging Lab, Department of Medicine, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973. thanos@bnl.gov.

Abstract

Previous research has indicated that d-cycloserine (DCS; a NMDA partial agonist) facilitates the extinction of conditioned fear as well as the extinction of cocaine conditioned place preference (CPP). Sprague Dawley rats were first trained to self-administer (SA) cocaine and then we compared their extinction behavior (lever pressing) following treatment with vehicle; 15mg/kg DCS; or 30 mg/kg DCS. We showed that 30 mg/kg DCS, but not 15 mg/kg significantly accelerated extinction of cocaine self-administration behavior when compared with saline by almost half (4 days versus 9 days). At 2 weeks when all animals had extinguished there were no longer differences between the groups. The present findings support of the potential of NMDA partial agonists as prospectively valuable in facilitating the extinction of cocaine seeking behavior. More specifically we demonstrate that 30mg/kg DCS was effective at significantly accelerating the extinction of cocaine self-administration behavior in rats. These results provide further support for the potential of DCS as a treatment strategy for addiction. Synapse, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID: 21360592 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]


Sobre a UNIAD

A Unidade de Pesquisa em álcool e Drogas (UNIAD) foi fundada em 1994 pelo Prof. Dr. Ronaldo Laranjeira e John Dunn, recém-chegados da Inglaterra. A criação contou, na época, com o apoio do Departamento de Psiquiatria da UNIFESP. Inicialmente (1994-1996) funcionou dentro do Complexo Hospital São Paulo, com o objetivo de atender funcionários dependentes.



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