Attachment and substance use in adolescence: A review of conceptual and methodological aspects
Elisardo Becoña Iglesias, Elena Fernández del Río, Amador Calafat, José Ramón, Fernández-Hermida
We know know that the family plays a key role in the psychoactive substance use of children, not only in its onset but also in the progression toward abuse and dependence (Velleman & Templeton, 2007; Velleman, Templeton, & Copello, 2005). It is for this reason that much of the research on risk and protective factors for drug use have focused on family variables that can influence this type of behaviors by adolescents and youths (e.g., Garcia-Pindado, 1992; Lilja, Larsson, Wilhelmsen, & Hamilton, 2003; Lloyd, 1998; Petraitis, Flay, & Miller, 1995; Poikolainen, 2002; Rees, 2005; Tyas & Pederson, 1998). One of the variables that has attracted most interest, due to its influence on the individual’s life from birth, is attachment to the family in general, or attachment to parents in particular.