Craig S Knott, Ngaire Coombs, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Jane P Biddulph
In unadjusted models, protective effects were identified across a broad range of alcohol usage in all age-sex groups. These effects were attenuated across most use categories on adjustment for a range of personal, socioeconomic, and lifestyle factors. After the exclusion of former drinkers, these effects were further attenuated. Compared with self reported never drinkers, significant protective associations were limited to younger men (50–64 years) and older women (≥ 65 years).