Joseph M. Boden∗, David M. Fergusson, L. John Horwood
There has been substantial research into the linkages between the misuse of alcohol and risks of criminal offending (for reviews
see: Baumberg, 2006; Bushman and Cooper, 1990; Giesbrecht, 2007; Martin, 2001; Parker, 2004; Rehm et al., 2009; World Health Organization, 2007). In general, this research suggests that the misuse of alcohol has been associated with increased risks of a wide range of offences in many countries (Boden et al., 2012; Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2009; Ensor and Godfrey, 1993; Farke and Anderson, 2007; Fergusson and Horwood, 2000; Gmel and Rehm, 2003; Huckle et al., 2006; Miller et al., 2006; Palk et al., 2007; Scott et al., 1999; Shepherd, 1994; Wood, 2005). While it is now widely accepted that alcohol is a risk factor for crime, there are three general issues that require further investigation and examination.