Alcohol Dependence: Analysis of Factors Associated with Retention of Patients in Outpatient Treatment

1 de dezembro de 20102min17

Márcia Fonsi Elbreder, Rebeca de Souza e Silva, Sandra Cristina Pillon  and Ronaldo Laranjeira
Retention of patients in a wide variety of therapeutic settings and modalities for treatment of alcohol abuse and dependence is one of the greatest challenges faced by practitioners working in this area, since dropout rates as high as 52–75% are seen by the fourth session (Baekeland and Lundwall, 1975).
The time spent in treatment is one of the strongest factors associated with positive outcomes in the post-treatment period. Thus, patients who have early exit, failing to complete the steps in the proposed treatment, tend to have an increased risk of readmission (Moos et al., 1995).
Although treatment retention is not an outcome  measurement per se, the capacity to retain patients in active participation is a sensible measurement related to quality and efficacy of the health care (McLellan et al., 2007), thus becoming one of the goals of treatment programmes.


Sobre a UNIAD

A Unidade de Pesquisa em álcool e Drogas (UNIAD) foi fundada em 1994 pelo Prof. Dr. Ronaldo Laranjeira e John Dunn, recém-chegados da Inglaterra. A criação contou, na época, com o apoio do Departamento de Psiquiatria da UNIFESP. Inicialmente (1994-1996) funcionou dentro do Complexo Hospital São Paulo, com o objetivo de atender funcionários dependentes.