Notícias

Sara B Taylor, Candace R Lewis, M Foster Olive

Drug addiction, also referred to as substance dependence, is a serious and chronically relapsing disease wherein the afflicted individual has difficulty limiting drug intake, exhibits high motivation to take the drug, continues using the drug despite negative consequences, and experiences negative emotional and physiological states when the drug is withheld.1 In the United States, the 2010 prevalence rates (current and past- month use, in persons aged 12 years or older) for illicit drug use (including marijuana, cocaine, and heroin) reached 22.6 million (8.9%).2

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00474.x/abstract

This is a preprint version of an article:
Oksanen, Atte (2012) Addiction and Rehabilitation in Autobiographical Books by Rock Artists, 1974 – 2010.

Drug & Alcohol Review (early view, article first published online: 27 May 2012,doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00474.x)

A recent study shows that North American and European rock and pop stars have significantly higher mortality than demographically matched populations, and their main causes of death have often been related to the use of alcohol and drugs [1]. The fall of addicted stars is closely monitored in the current media culture [2–3]. The deaths of Amy Winehouse and Whitney Houston are two of the most recent cases of premature musician mortality.

pdf Oksanen_2012_Autobiographical_Books_by_Rock_Artists_DAR_preprint-1.pdf

Instrumento para Monitorar Tratamento

Quarta, 12 Dezembro 2012 13:30 Publicado em ARTIGOS

The Treatment Effectiveness Assessment (TEA): an efficient, patient-centered instrument for evaluating progress in recovery from addiction

Walter Ling, David Farabee, Dagmar Liepa, Li-Tzy Wu

The fields of addiction medicine and addiction research have long sought an efficient yet comprehensive instrument to assess patient progress in treatment and recovery. Traditional tools are expensive, time consuming, complex, and based on topics that clinicians or research- ers think are important.

Zheng-Xiong Xi
National Institute on Drug Abuse, Intramural Research Program,
National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD - USA

Cocaine addiction continues to be an important public health problem in the United States and other countries. Acute cocaine produces potent rewarding and psychostimulant effects primarily by blocking dopamine (DA) transporters (DAT) in the brain's reward system – the mesocorticolimbic DA system. However, repeated use of cocaine leads to addiction, persistent craving and a high risk of relapse.

Laura Amatoa, Marina Davoli, Simona Vecchi, Rober Ali, Michael Farrell, Fabrizio Faggiano,
David Foxcroft, Walter Ling, Silvia Minozzi, Zhao Chengzheng
According to the World Health Organization, the prevalence of alcohol dependence in the European Union is estimated to be between 3.8% (Germany) and 12.2% (Poland) of the adult population, whereas the prevalence is estimated to be 7.7% and 9.3% in the United States and Canada, respectively (WHO, 2005).

Richard Longabaugh & Molly Magill

In 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded partly in response to the absence of professional treatment for alcoholism. It was not until much later that the federal government first created the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration to provide funds for the development and delivery of treatments for addictions and mental health disorders.

pdf fulltext-9.pdf

How Lack of Insight Sustains Addiction

Sexta, 29 Junho 2012 17:48 Publicado em ARTIGOS
Impaired insight may prevent dependent drug users from kicking the habit.
Published on June 28, 2012 by Joshua Gowin, Ph.D. in You, Illuminated
A few years back, I had a constant headache that most people would recognize as a car. If it, a BMW 318, could be relied on for one thing, it was to find new ways to break down. Despite the persisting frustration, whenever I took it into the shop, the problems disappeared and the car hummed calmly and easily. Although the mechanics could find nothing wrong, the problems started anew soon after.

The trouble with this four-wheeled curse was that I never knew what was wrong with it. If the transmission failed and I had to replace it, a costly repair only a gear monkey could look forward to, at least I would have felt confident that I knew the steps to fix it. But since it was nothing consistent or certain, I couldn’t put my mind at ease.

In my last post I explored the consequences, sometimes deadly ones, of athletes in extreme sports who have trouble recognizing their own emotions. Like a good car mechanic, emotions provide insight into underlying problems—necessary information to make good decisions.   

William L. White, MA
Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual disAbility Services

In 1976, Dr. Thomasina Borkman identified two fundamentally different ways of knowing: science-grounded professional knowledge and the experiential knowledge of peer-based recovery support groups. Where scientific knowledge places great value on understanding a problem from the outside through the lens of objective distance and carefully controlled experiments, experiential knowledge seeks to understand a problem from close-up and inside—from the subjective experience of those who have lived through and solved the problem. Whereas scientific truth is conveyed in the form of data, experiential truth is transmitted through stories and the inherited wisdom of community elders. Science, in its pride of precision, focuses on the segment; experience, in its pride of the pragmatic, focuses on what works as a whole. Science stands and demands, “Where is your proof?” Experience stands in response and proclaims, “I am the proof!” and offers its biographical evidence.

Review

Stephanie M. Groman, M.A. and J. David Jentsch, Ph.D.
The phenotypic complexity of psychiatric conditions is revealed by the dimensional nature of these disorders, which consist of multiple behavioral, affective, and cognitive dysfunctions that can result in substantial psychosocial impairment. The high degree of heterogeneity in symptomatology and comorbidity suggests that simple categorical diagnoses of ‘‘affected’’ or ‘‘unaffected’’ may fail to capture the true characteristics of the disorder in a manner relevant to individualized treatment. A particular dimension of interest is cognitive control ability because impairments in the capacity to control thoughts, feelings, and actions are key to several psychiatric disorders. Here, we describe evidence suggesting that cognitive control over behavior is a crucial dimension of function relevant to addictions. Moreover, dopamine (DA) D2-receptor transmission is increasingly being identified as a point of convergence for these behavioral and cognitive processes. Consequently, we argue that measures of cognitive control and D2 DA receptor function may be particularly informative markers of individual function and treatment response in addictions. Depression and Anxiety 0:1–12, 2011.

cognition_d2.pdf

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